This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. While the APA manual provides many examples of how to cite common types of sources, it does not provide rules on how to cite all types of sources.
Basic Rules All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin. For multiple articles by the same author, or authors listed in the same order, list the entries in chronological order, from earliest to most recent.
All text should be double-spaced just like the rest of your essay. Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays in edited collections.
Your reference list should appear at the end of your paper. APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. Present the journal title in full. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work.
Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your reference list; likewise, each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text. It provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any source you cite in the body of the paper.
Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals. When referring to books, chapters, articles, or webpages, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns.
Capitalize all major words in journal titles. For more information, see page of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. Maintain the punctuation and capitalization that is used by the journal in its title. Your references should begin on a new page separate from the text of the essay; label this page "References" centered at the top of the page do NOT bold, underline, or use quotation marks for the title.
Therefore, if you have a source that APA does not include, APA suggests that you find the example that is most similar to your source and use that format.
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. This is called hanging indentation. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.APA's Publication Manual, 6th Edition, should be consulted first in all matters concerning APA Style®, but these FAQs will help clarify frequent areas of confusion.
MLA Handbook For Writers Of Research Papers, 6th Edition (Turtleback School & Library Binding Edition) 6th Edition. Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
This website is intended to assist you in properly citing sources according to Kate L. Turabian's "A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations" 9th, 8th and 7th editions, "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association" 6th edition, and "MLA Handbook" 8th and 7th editions.
The following guidelines are provided for submissions reporting case study research aimed at understanding a bounded phenomenon by examining in depth, and in a holistic manner, one or more particular instances of the phenomenon.
Case study research in TESOL and second language acquisition (SLA) has. The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus.Download